Córdoba was the capital of the medieval Caliphate of Córdoba. The historical city is excellently preserved with its gem the Moorish mosque (Mezquita). You can also visit many buildings from later centuries in Córdoba. It's for a good reason that the entire old center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It's also the birthplace of the sombrero cordobés, not to be confused with the Mexican sombrero; this is the 'typical Spanish' hat.
The city has approximately 325,000 inhabitants.
Córdoba is located in the south of Spain, in Andalusia, at an altitude of 120 meters. The city is built on the north bank of the Guadalquivir River and lies at the foot of the Sierra Morena, north of Córdoba.
Córdoba is an administrative center and the government is therefore an important employer. Tourism is an important pillar of economy: the beautiful historical city draws many visitors every year. People also make jewelry (silver and gold) and trading of agricultural produce from the surroundings (including grain and olives) is a source of income.
The nearest airport, which is easily reachable, is the airport of Seville. San Pablo Airport is situated 112 kilometers southwest of Córdoba. The airport lies along freeway A-4, which connects Córdoba with Seville and is therefore easily reachable by rental car.
Córdoba has excellent public bus transport. Buses run frequently and all tourist places of interest are easily reachable by public transport. There are also buses and trains to surrounding destinations and to places further out like Seville and Madrid.
It's no sinecure to find a free parking place in Córdoba's old center. Sometimes places are available at the parking lot near the Alcazaba, but you better park your rental car in one of the private parking garages. The garage near the Puerto del Puente (Gate of the Bridge) is centrally located. If this also fails, you may be able to park your rental car at the Avenida Fray Albino on the other side of the river. You can then walk to the center via the Roman Bridge or the San Raphael Bridge.
Córdoba is a tourist attraction and therefore has no shortage of accommodation ranging from basic guesthouses to luxurious hotels and accommodation in historical buildings. May is the busiest month: it's not yet that hot and many festivals take place. If you want to visit Córdoba during that time, we recommend booking your accommodation well in advance.
For more information about Córdoba, Spain, we recommend Google and the following sources: